Carbon and its Compounds Notes PDF Download
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Carbon is a chemical element with the symbol C and atomic number 6. It is the 15th most abundant element in the Earth’s crust and the fourth most abundant element in the universe by mass after hydrogen, helium, and oxygen. Carbon is a very versatile element and can form a vast number of compounds, more than any other element.
Carbon can form covalent bonds with other elements to create a wide variety of compounds. Covalent bonds are formed when atoms share electrons in a chemical bond. Carbon can form single, double, and triple bonds with other atoms, and this allows it to form a wide variety of structures.
Carbon has the ability to form stable chains, rings, and networks of bonds with itself and other elements. This versatility allows it to form the basis of the vast number of chemical compounds found in living organisms, as well as inorganic compounds such as minerals and plastics.
Examples of carbon compounds include:
- Hydrocarbons, which are compounds made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms. Examples include methane (CH4), ethane (C2H6), and propane (C3H8).
- Organic compounds, which are compounds that contain carbon and are usually found in living things. Examples include sugars, proteins, and DNA.
- Inorganic carbon compounds, which do not contain carbon-hydrogen bonds and are not found in living things. Examples include carbon dioxide (CO2) and carbon monoxide (CO).
- Polymers, which are large molecules made up of repeating units called monomers. Examples include plastics, rubber, and fibers such as nylon and polyester.
Overall, carbon and its compounds play a vital role in many areas of science, including chemistry, biology, and materials science.
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1. High Quality Key Notes
2. Colorful Notes with Diagrams
3. Complete Concept Explained
4. Instantly Downloadable – on your Computer, Mobile
5. Based on Board Curriculum for CBSE, ICSE & State Boards
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